Parkinson’s disease

What Is Parkinson’s disease?

Parkinson’s disease affects nerve cells in a particular part of the brain to predominately reduce dopamine production. This means that it is a gradual neurological disorder that causes fidgeting, stiffness, problems associated with walking, and balancing coordination. Parkinson’s disease Sydney progresses slowly and eventually gets irrepressible with time. People may experience difficulties in basic simple tasks like walking and talking. Though both men and women can develop the symptoms, men are fifty percent more likely to get affected by it than women.

It is usually accompanied by behavioral changes, depression, and fatigue. The probable risk factor for Parkinson’s disease is age; people from fifty to sixty have the highest number of Parkinson’s patients. Some forms of the disease have been linked with specific gene mutations and the disorder is often said to be inherited.

What are the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease?

The appearance of symptoms is often dissimilar in different people due to the diversity of the disease. But a common symptom of Parkinson’s disease includes tremor or trembling. You may find your numerous body parts like hands, arms, legs, jaws, and head affected by severe to mild trembling. Other than that stiffness in the trunk or the limbs, slow tiring movements, and impaired balance are also known symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.

The patient may also suffer from depression, mental impairment, and emotional changes.

Early symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are:

  • Problems in swallowing and chewing
  • Difficulty in speaking and facial expressions
  • Urinary problems
  • Constipation
  • Skin problems
  • Sleep disruption and
  • Memory loss

What causes Parkinson’s disease?

When the nerve cells or neurons in the brain that regulates the movement and balance of the human body die, then Parkinson’s disease starts to take roots in the human body. The neurons produce a central chemical called dopamine. When the neurons die, the body eventually produces less dopamine. This lack of dopamine becomes responsible for moving and balancing the impairments of the body. Scientists and doctors are still unable to explain why the cells producing dopamine die. 

Diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease

There are numerous disorders having more or less the same symptoms as Parkinson’s. Other different diseases are often mistaken for Parkinson’s due to the diverse symptoms it shows. While these diseases may initially be mistaken for Parkinson’s, they are eventually diagnosed accurately through numbers of medical tests and responses to certain drugs. Since many disorders have the same symptoms but require varied medical attention and treatment, it is very crucial to make an effective diagnosis as soon as possible.

 Treatments for Parkinson’s disease

Unfortunately, scientists have not yet succeeded in finding a cure of Parkinson’s disease treatment Sydney but there are many medicines, surgical treatments, and therapies that can help to relieve the symptoms. The prescribed medicines mostly include drugs to increase the production of dopamine in the brain, to control progressive symptoms and drugs that affect other body chemicals. People who don’t respond to medication can also go for Deep Brain Stimulation surgery.